While we benefit so much from spending time in nature, the great outdoors is a very unpredictable place. It poses a lot of risks and dangers, which can be prevented if you come prepared.
If you're a camper, a backpacker, a hiker, an outdoor enthusiast or simply love going on nature trips, an emergency kit is mandatory. However, different people will require different items in their survival kit, that's why it's important to customize yours according to your specific needs. You can purchase a pre-assembled kit, just be sure to add other items that cater to your personal needs.
To help you get started, we'll list down the the must-have essentials that every emergency kit needs to contain.
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Basic First Aid/Medical Kit
A first aid kit should is one of the most important things that your emergency kit should contain. It's important to learn first aid for common potential injuries that may happen outdoors, from a simple cut or scrape, to an allergic reaction to a poisonous plant or a broken bone. Be sure that you know what each item is in your first aid kit and how to use it.
- Various sizes of band-aids/would closure strips
- Assorted adhesive bandages (fabric preferred)
- Bandage adhesive
- Various sizes of gauze pads
- Sterile pads
- Medical adhesive tape
- Anti-septic wipes
- Anti-bacterial ointment
- Pain relief medication
- Antihistamine (for allergic reactions)
- Blister treatment
- Insect sting/ anti-itch treatment
- Fine point tweezers (for splinters)
- Safety pins
- Personal prescription medication
- First aid manual/information cards
For longer trips, you can add:
- Wraps, splints and wound coverings (Finger splints, SAM splints, rolled gauze, hemostatic gauze etc.)
- Eye drops
- Sunburn relief
- Diarrhea medication
- Oral thermometer
- Cotton swabs
- Irrigation syringe
- Medical/surgical gloves
- CPR mask
- Oral rehydration salts
- Glucose (for hypoglycemia)
- Injectible epinephrine (for severe allergic reactions)
- Waterproof matches
- Firestarter (flint or magnesium)
- Emergency tinder
- Magnifying glass
- Flashlight (with extra batteries)
- Signaling mirror
Tools and Supplies
- Pocket knife
- Duct tape
- Large tarp
- Paracord (at least 200 feet)
- Fishing line (at least 100 yards)
- Clothing and Sleeping Gear
- Rain jacket
- Extra change of clothes
- Extra socks
- Space blanket
- Emergency non-perishable food rations
- 1-2 bottles drinking water
- Metal pot or mugs
- Waterproof bag (to place all emergency items in)
- Outdoor guide book/cheat sheet (for valuable information or procedures that can be useful in the outdoors like first aid procedures, list of poisonous plants, knots instructions etc.)
This purpose of this list is to guide you in preparing and packing your emergency outdoor kit. Authorities may recommend slightly different items but most of what we listed above are typically included in most lists.
Experts advise that you make your kit highly customized to meet your personal needs. There are a few important things to consider like how many individuals will be sharing the kit, your location (how far are you from help), the weather or season, your outdoor experience (the more experienced you are, the fewer items you'll need in your kit), your medical conditions etc.
Remember, preparedness is key. The more ready you are to face any situation you may encounter, the more your trip will be enjoyable!
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